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About South Tyrol (Alto Adige)
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South Tyrol (Alto Adige) Guide Italy

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South Tyrol Guide
The Autonomous Province of Alto Adige / SudTirol lies at the climatic intersection point between the bracing north and the warm south. SudTirol has therefor long been a meeting point for traders, carriers, pilgrims and keen travellers, which has required the setting up of suitable accommodation. As Trentino, it is rich in valleys from which you can often have a different view of the same spectacular peaks. The SudTirol shares with Trentino a unique mountain landscape of exceptional beauty, with jagged pinnacles, craggy ridges and sheer rock faces: the Dolomites.These mountains, so often described, painted and sung about are yours to be experienced, climbed and to get to know. Nowhere else there are so many nature reserves as here.
The many Dolomite legends, customs and traditions speak a language of their own, reflecting the fascinating world of the "pale mountains". But also the hay-baths of Vls, the famous local costumes, the farmers' weddings in Kastelruth, the medieval Viles of the Badia valley - all are testimony to a rich and eventful past.
If the Dolomites are the Queen of the entire region the Drei Zinnen pinnacles in the Pustertal valley are certaintly the King. In the beginning when the Earth's crust burst asunder, the highest peaks and jagged ridges were formed: the Pustertal valley. If you were to fly over South Tyrol's "greenest valley" you would clearly make out not only the "Drei Zinnen" pinnacles but many other awe-inspiring mountains.
In Summer the whole SudTirol invites you to lap up the sun, to enjoy the clear mountain air, to go for a walk in its forests, to enjoy the green-blue of its lakes and streams. You can visit its castles and chapels rich in history and art, the result of centuries of cultural, economic, political and religious exchanges, some peaceful other not. SudTirol is a string of villages and unique towns like Bolzano-Bolzen, Meran-Merano and Toblach/Dobbiaco. Bolzen is the Provice-Capital. Meran, with its orchards and vineyards, the sub-tropical vegetation with palms and cypress trees, the magnificent Liberty-style buildings, the promenades, the imposing castles (among them Schloss Tirol, the ancestral home of the Counts of Tyrol) - has drawn famous and not so famous visitors since immemorial time. In 1909, Gustav Mahler said this about Toblach/Dobbiaco : "It is wonderful here and certainly heals body and soul" . In the Toblach's woods the wind still brings the notes of the "The song of the Earth", the most famous Mahler Synphonies.
For winter sports there are about 416 lifts with about 800 kilometres of ski pistes, 1,800 kilometres of cross-country ski trails, over 90 toboggan tracks, some 60 ski-schools as well as ten artificial ice-rinks, 44 natural ice-rinks and two artificial ice stadium. Do you think is enough?...
From an historical point of view, we have to remind you that after the Second World War a basic agreement was reached within the framework of the peace negotiations in Paris: on 5 September 1946 the "Paris Agreement" was signed by the Italian Prime Minister Degasperi and de Austrian Foreign Minister Gruber, and annexed to the peace treaty with Italy, so that the South Tyrol Question was thereby given international standing.
This agreement provided, amongst other things, for Italy to give the Province of South Tyrol an autonomous legislative and executive power. Italy believed it could fulfil this obligation with the issue of an Autonomous Statute, adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 31 January 1948. Despite string opposition from the South Tyrolese representatives, the autonomy which in the Paris Agreement had been foreseen for South Tyrol alone was extended in the 1948 Autonomy Statute to the Trentino, and the "Region Trentino - Tiroler Etschland" (Trentino - Upper Adige) was created.
This Autonomous Region was the political superior of the Provinces of Bozen (Bolzano) and Trient (Trento). But recently it has lost its superior status with the coming into force of the reformed Autonomy Statute. In the future, the two provinces Trentino and South Tyrol will be the basic, essential elements of the region, and not its subordinated elements. The Region consists of the area and population of the two Provinces.

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